Dredging wreaks havoc in Lagos coastal communities

Sand is fast disappearing along Lagos shorelines due to unchecked mining and dredging activities.   Bukola Adebayo   reports on the socio...

Sand is fast disappearing along Lagos shorelines due to unchecked mining and dredging activities. Bukola Adebayo reports on the socio-economic and environmental impact of the business on the communities and coastlines
Thomas Ujemeji comes from a long line of fishermen on Bishop Kodji Island, a coastal settlement on the Lagos Lagoon. Customers come from far and near to buy fresh sea foods from the 50- year-old fisherman.
He has a special skill set and he knows it. His traps get the biggest catch every time.
With a smile slowly lighting up his face, Ujemeji says he honed his skills while going on fishing expeditions with his late father as a young boy. But today is not one of those days that customers besiege him with requests. When our correspondent got to his fish smoking shed, just a handful of fish rested on a local oven filled with slow-burning, yellow coals.
What the fisherman had on display was incapable of attracting a long-time customer, let alone a prospective one. Ujemeji confesses that he’s fast losing his commercial reputation. He says a new business in the waterfront community has made a mess of his trade.
According to him, he can no longer fish on the Lagoon front due to the dredging activities in the area.
“The dredging machines have chased fishes to the deeper end. The sand they are harvesting has also polluted the Lagoon and fishes can’t stay.
“The noise from the machines when they are working also disturbs them. If I don’t set traps at the deeper end of the ocean, I won’t get anything.  To do that, I need an engine boat that can withstand the tides and more fuel to power it through the long hours that I will be on water.
“I don’t have the money to buy that kind of boat and it is not safe.”
While most people come to the Island to patronise fishermen, many come these days to siphon the sand along its coastline.
Indeed, a massive dredging machine was the most prominent fixture on the island the day our correspondent visited. It was planted in the middle of the Lagoon front.
While residents lament, business is booming for 32-year-old James Adelike, who operates a pay loader that conveys the sand dredged to various destinations in Lagos.
Sand miners at work in the Iyana Oworo area of Lagos.
Photo: Saheed Olugbon
 He says, “The price of the sand pumped from the Lagoon is different from the one that is dug with shovels from the shoreline. We sell sharp sand that has no impurities for N42,000 per 20 tonnes if it’s to Lekki, Ajah or Badore. The one that is scooped from shoreline is about N 20,000 per 20 tonnes. You can find some impurities in those ones. I make N10,000 from every trip and many times I go at least twice a day.”
Adelike says the trade has provided funds for him to start building a two-bedroom apartment in another state where his family resides.
While truck drivers, pay loaders, excavator operators and many other service providers in the dredging value chain smile to the bank, the denizens of Bishop Kodji reek of abject poverty.
The level of squalor on the island with over 150,000 residents is disturbing. It was evident from the 25-minute boat ride that our correspondent took with schoolchildren and other artisans to the shantytown; it became clearer on alighting from the canoe in the community.
Joseph Christopher, a fisherman, says life has not been the same since dredging activities began in the slum. Christopher laments that the business which many hoped would bring development to the settlement has brought more misery to residents.
“There are many people profiting from this island. When they want to start operations, they will promise to employ us, build schools and clinics but once they start, they forget us.
“They won’t even employ us. To make matters worse, the dredgers were installed in the areas where we were fishing and they harvested the sand so much that the anchor and ropes that we use to hold the boat while we set our fishing nets can no more reach the ground. They are now too short.”
A dredging machine on the Lagoon front in Sabon Kodji Island, Lagos.
Photo: Bukola Adebayo
Although they are surrounded by water, Christopher says, residents must gather money to buy clean water from the city as water sources in the area have been polluted as a result of sand mining activities in the area.
“We cannot use the water from the well or the borehole. We usually contribute money to vendors who take boats to Yaba or Iwaya to bring sachet water to this island. Many of the things they destroyed cannot be reversed.”
For Christiania Gbetode, who smokes fish, the poor fish harvest has forced her to consider an unlikely alternative.
The head of the fisherwomen on the Island confides in our correspondent that not only does she buy farmed fish from local breeders in Badagry and Epe areas of the state, she also augments her supplies with imported fish.
Pointing at the fishing boats lying idle at the community’s jetty, Christiana says, “Before now, the boats used to be filled with fishes when the men come back. I used to buy at least 40 buckets; but now, you get at most two buckets of fresh sea food after toiling for hours.
“To keep the business, I buy from local farmers at twice the price and I smoke imported fish. I am losing customers because my fish is the same price as those smoking in the city.”
For Gavei Kodji, it’s a story of collapse
The word, ‘dredging’, sends shivers down Whesu Gatson’s spine. For him, it is synonymous with destruction of livelihood and properties.
According to him, many houses collapsed into the Lagoon because of the flooding incidents that occurred in Gavei Kodji, after sand mining began in the community.
The farmer-turned-boat operator says apart from the houses that caved in, some farmlands were washed into the Lagoon in the aftermath of a flooding incident aggravated by the fact that sand was being excavated from the waterfront settlement.
He says, “I used to plant maize and cassava with a lot of vegetables but once they started packing sand from the coastline, the land began to get soft and muddy. If you plant anything today, the next day, water will wash it away. The soil became weak.”
Gatson points at some tumbledown huts close to the Lagoon front as some of the homes that collapsed when mining activities became more intense in the coastal community.
 “Dredgers are digging into the seabed along Third Mainland Bridge, others”
Ujemeji
Environmentalists say that unchecked mining and dredging, which weaken seabed and deplete sub soils, could increase the incidence of building and structural collapse in Lagos.
The Director-General, the Nigerian Conservation Federation, Mr. Adeniyi  Karunwi, defines sand mining as the process of removing sand and gravel from a particular location, essentially for the construction of buildings and roads. He also warns that insatiable demand for fine sand poses irreversible damage to both marine lives and the environment.
 He identifies coastal and soil erosion, loss of aquatic lives, formation of sinkholes, loss of bio-diversity, soil contamination resulting from leakages of chemicals into the soil as some of the adverse environmental impact of the trade.
“A study by the Nigerian Institute for Oceanography and Marine Research revealed that un-coordinated activities by miners and dredgers have caused depths of almost six metres into the seabed as reflected in the Banana Island to Third Mainland Bridge axis,” Karunwi states.
The environmentalist notes that a recent biodiversity survey by a team of ornithologists along the Lagoon in the Sangotedo and Badagry areas of the state indicates an unprecedented proliferation of dredging activities, a situation, he says, thrives due to poor coordination and regulation.
The conservationist notes, “The government agencies responsible for stemming this tide should put a halt to it before it becomes a monster that will eventually consume us.
 “Dredging in some places has been largely responsible for the loss of breeding habitats for sea turtles, which depend on sandy beaches for their nesting and other biodiversity.”
‘From Lagos to Dubai, sand is a highly sought after resource’
Globally, there is a huge demand for sharp sand which is dredged from the sea or mined from its shorelines for real estate purposes.
Lagos, a state in South-West Nigeria with over 50 coastal communities in Lekki and Epe, Ojo and Badagry as well as Amuwo-Odofin and Apapa areas, is a preferred destination for sand miners who must meet this need.
Fine sand, excavated from Lagos coast lines are exported to countries such as the United Arab Emirates. The waterfront business booms with an increasing need for housing for over 20 million Lagosians.
It’s been estimated that Lagos consumes an estimated 40 million cube metres of sand per annum for building and construction projects.
While the business generates great profits for urban property developers, its impact has brought despair upon residents who have had to deal with the polluted waters, collapsed houses, depleted lands and flooding that these activities leave in their wake.
As sand is taken from the coastlines to provide housing for urban dwellers – many more are rendered homeless in the affected areas.
 ‘And government reads the riot act’
Worried by the increasing menace of these activities, the Lagos State Government banned dredging activities in February.
This was after a communal clash in a sand-mining site in the Bariga area of Lagos reportedly led to the death of an elderly woman in the settlement.
The Commissioner for Water Front and Infrastructure, Mr. Ade Akinsanya, who relayed this directive, however, admits that the majority of the miners were operating illegally and often without the appropriate licence.
Akinsanya said, “All sand dredgers in Lagos State should stop operations immediately. The idea is to ensure adequate security of lives and property in the state. They need to renew their operational permit annually, but a majority of them have not renewed it for many years.
“The state government and the National Inland Waterways Authority are the licensing authorities to give directives on such operations on the waterways’’.
 Despite the stern order from the authorities, sand miners continue their business especially in hard-to-reach areas that are far from the watchful eyes of the government.
For instance, dredgers were still operating on the Lagoon front at Ogogoro Island when our correspondent visited the community after the ban in April.
Knowing the ugly fate that had befallen their neighours, the residents alerted the authorities to ensure that the operators comply with the order.
According to a boat operator, Mr Soji Vvede, some miners did come like a thief in the night to scoop sand from the waterfront settlement. “They did not consult anybody, and we woke up to find their equipment on water. We are fishermen trying to make a decent living; nobody should come and spoil our land,” he says.
This report on sand mining and dredging was supported by The Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting and Code For Africa.

COMMENTS

Name

 Namadi Sambo  NND  Olisa Metuh 'metrosexual' 'Spornosexual' 'world's luckiest passenger ‘Keep Your Money #DasukiGate #LIFEasIseeIT #SuperBowl50 #TheOnlyLivingGod_TheAlbum $2.1bn arms deal scandal 14 CHILDREN 2008 2015award 2016 BUDGET 2FACE 360nobs 4 ALBINO 47VIBEZ 50 CENT 50/50 58th Grammy Awards 69th BAFTAS ceremony A Nigerian Astronaut Is Not Really Trapped In Space ABATI Abduction Abia State lawmaker Abobaku ABORTION abortions Abraham Kiptum Access Bank Lagos City Marathon ACCIDENT acoustic guitar ACTING ACTOR ACTRESS AD BLOCKERS ADAMA IDIMI ADEKUNLE GOLD ADELEKE ADELEKE UNIVERSITY ADULTERY AELA AELA AWARDS 2015 AELA AWARDS 2016 AELA AWARDS 2017 AFCON 2017QUALIFIERS AFFORDABLE ACCOMMODATION Africa AFRICAN ENTERTAINMENT LEGEND AWARD AFRICAN LEGENDARY AWARD AFRICAN NEWS AFRICAN RICGEST AFRIMA AWARD 2015 Afro beat legend AFRO CANDY AFRO-POP AFROBEAT AFROBEAT LEGACY AGN AGRICULTURE AILMENTS AIR PLANE CRASH LAS VAGAS AIRPORT AISHA BUHRI AKA Akinwumi Ambode Akinwunmi AKPABIO AKURE AKWA IBOM ALABA ALAFIA ALAMIEYIESAGHA ALBINO album launch Alex Ferguson Alex Otti Alfa cleric ALICIA KEYS. ALIEN ALIKO DANGOTE Allure Magazine AMBER ROSE AMBODE AMERICA American Airlines AMERICANS ANAMBRA ANAMBRA PROSTITUTES Anambra State ANDRE BERTO ANGEL ANGEL OF MY LIFE. ANGOLA ANGRY MOB ANIMAL CRIME ANIMAL GEOGRAPHY ANIMALS ANNA EBIERE ANNIE IDIBIA ANOTHER LEVEL Another love ANTI CHRIST ANTONELLA ROCCUZZO APC APC chieftain APGA APPEALS Applaudise APPLE ARMED ROBBER ARTWORK ASARI DOKUBO ASSEMBLE OF GOD CHURCH ATLANTA ATLAS Atorise AUTHENTIC AUTOMOBILE Avocado AWARDS AYIRI EMANI Ayo Jay BABA AFUSA BABY BOB BABY OKU GYRATION BACK FACE RETURNS TO BENUE BADDO BAFTA AWARD BALOGUN MARKET BANANA ISLAND BANG BANG bank Banky w BARCELONIA BASKET MOUTH Bayelsa Bayelsa State BBC BBC JOURNALIST BEAUTIFUL BEBESUMTIN AND GOONGS BEIJING bellanaija BEN BRUCE benin BENTLEY BENUE STATE Benzeeno BESTIALITY Better You BEYONCE BIAFRA BIG SEAN BIGMONEYBEAT bilateral agreements BILL COSBY BILL GATE BIRTH birthday BIRTHDAY CAKE BISHOP KAYODE PELLER Blac Chyna black dicks Blackman BLACKS BLAQ JERSEY BLESSINGS mp3 BLOG BLOGGING TIPS BOBBI KRISTINA Bobbi Kristina Brown Body Hot mp3 BODY ODOUR BOKO HARAM BOLA AHMED TINUBU BOMB BLAST BONANG MATHEBA BONGO BOODA D'BANJI BOOTY FOR RENT BORNO STATE Boss BOXING boycott BOYWONDER BRA OUFIT BRANDCELEBRITIES BREAD AND BUTTER BREAKUP breakups BRICKS APARTMENT BRITISH AIRWAYS PLANE British rapper BRITNEY SPEARS BTWA Buffer BUHARI Buhari's associate BUKOLA SARAKI BULL FIGHT BURGLAR Burna Boy BUSINESS business guide BUSINESS MAN BUSINESS NEWS Butt implants BXY BXY007 C.O.D United CAITYLN JENNER CAKES Calabar Pastor CAMEROON CANCER CANNIBAL CAPITAL HILL SINGER CAR THIEF CARO Catholic Church Catholic priests CBN CELEBRITIES celebrity CELEBRITY NEWS CELEBRITY STAR chairman CHANGE MY STATUS CHARITY charity. CHARLZ CHEATERS CHIBOK GIRLS CHIDINMA Chieftancy title CHILD ABUSE CHILD ABUSE. CHILD Birth CHILD MARRIAGE children China Chineseman CHOC CITY CHRIS BROWN Chris Brown's stylist CHRIS NGIGE christianity CHURCH Church business civilians CKay CLIMATE CHANGE clubs CNIKREE Coca-Cola CODING comand Condolence CONDOM CONFIDENCE BY NINO CONSTRUCTION COMPANIES contract CONTROVERSY CORPS MEMBERS’ CORRUPTION COSSY ORJIAKOR CRAFT CRANE ACCIDENT CRIME criminals Crisis Cristiano Ronaldo CRITICIZING critics CRUELTY CRYSTAL RENAY CULTISM culture cupedecale CUSTOM OFFICER CYCLONE CYNTHIA MORGAN D BANJ D'BANJ DAIMOND BANK DALES dance DANCEHALL SINGER Daniel Radcliffe DASUKI dating dating mating DATING WHITE WOMAN DAUGHTER DAVID MARK DAVIDE WILLIAMS DAVIDO DB records dbanj DC deals DEATH SENTENCE DEATH STUNT Dehinde Fernandez DEJAY COSBEE Dele DELE MOMODU demonic DENRELE EDUN Denver Broncos design DEVON SHOM DIABETES DIAMOND DIDI Didier Drogba DIFFERENCE ENTERTAINMENT DIFFERENTFANSNIGERIAN FEMALEPERSONALIZED DIKKO ABDULLAHI Dino Melaye DISCOVERY DISCRIMINATION DISEASES DIVORCE DJ Dj BOLUX DJ JIMMY JAT DJ KENTALKY DJ LAMBO DJ MELLOWSHE DJ NEPTUNE DJ SHABSY DJ SKINPPY DJ SPLASH DJ Xclusive DMX dnomzky DOCTOR dolly parton DOMESTIC ACCIDENT DOMESTIC VIOLENCE DON JAZZY DONALD TRUMP donjazzy Dope DOTUN DR AMEYO STELLA ADADEVOH Dr. Chris Okafor Drake Drama drug trafficking DRUGS DSS DUBAI DYING TWINS E MONEY EASTER GREETINGS EASTRAIN ENTERTAINMENT EasyRent Nigeria EBOLA EBUBEAGU G. EKENULO EDDY NELSON EDGE RECORDS EDUCATION Efcc EFCC chief Egg Whites eggplant EKITI STATE EKWUNIFE ELECTION ELECTRIC CABLE ELECTRICITY ELIZABETH OHENE EMBASSY EME Emmanuel Adebayor EMONEY EMPEROR GEEZY EMPIRE SERIES PODCAST EMPLOYMENT ENMESHED entertainers Entertainment ENTERTAINMENT NEWS Entrepreneur ENUGU envoy EOTY MIXTAPE ERUKU espin entertainment EVA ALORDIAH EVENTS EXCHANGE RATE expired food extinction Eziuche Ubani FACEBOOK Facebook Ads Strategy Faimul Alal Fake pastors FALANA FAMILY fans FARMERS fashion FASHION COOKOUT FASHION NEWS FASHION SLAYERS fast money favorites FAYOSE FAZE FBI federal government FEELS fela kuti FELA SHRINE Female Genital Mutilation femi kuti Femi Solar FESTUS EHIMARE Ffk FIGHTING FIRE DE GO FIRE OUTBREAK FISHER MAN FIVE STAR MUSIC FIVE STAR FIVE STAR MUSIC FLAMEZ ENTERTAINMENT FLAVOUR Flavour ft.Chidinma FLEXY FLEXY ENTERTAINMENT FLOYD MAYWEATHER followers FOOL IN LOVE Football football news FOOTBALLER FORCIBLE SEX FOREVER FOREX FORMATION Former Bauchi state governor FORMER PRESIDENT OF NIGERIA four police FR.MBAKA france Francis fraud FREE AIRTIME Fresh Prince frozen car FUEL SCARCITY FUNKE AKINDELE FUNMI IYANDA FUTA gas gas delegation GAY GAYS GBEKALE gbelo gbebo GBESEYIN GEJ GEOGRAPHY GERMANY GET ENGAGED. Ghana Ghanaian GHOST WORKERS GINGER GIRLFRIEND GIST GLADIATORS GLAMOUR Glenn Frey goal GODSWILL AKPABIO Godwin Emefiele gold intercepted in Interpol operation across Nigeria GOLDEN BEAR AWARD GONFRELLE-L’ORCHER GOODLUCK JONATHAN GOOGLE Gospel GOSPEL MUSIC GospelOnDBeatz Government Governor Governor Aminu Tambuwal Governor Ayodele Fayose GOVERNOR OF EKITI STATE. GOVERNOR. GRANDMIX GRAPES Graphics Grease Live Greek Yogurt Gregory Hudgens GUINESS Guinness book guitarist of the Eagles GUNS GUVNOR ACE HAJJ HAMBURG HAMEED IBRAHIM ALLI Harry Potter HARRY SONGZ Hastings HEALTH health news Healthy BreakfastsBreakfastChia SeedsFlax Healthy Eating Healthy Living HEART SURGERY HEBREW BEATS HELICOPTER CRASH HENSHAW HERMAPHRODITE TWINS HERMES HERMES LINDAIKEJI heterosexuals High School Musical HILLARY CLINTON hiphop HISTORY HIV HKN HKN GANG HOLD ON HOLY CORRELATION BATMAN Holy Year Of Mercy HOME homosexuals Hon. Kombowei Benson Hootsuite HOSPITAL HOUSE MAID HOUSE OF AELA House of Assembly House Of SEX HOUSING ESTATE HOVERBOARD HTC HUMAN HUMAN RIGHTS HUMBLESMITH humor HUNDRED METERS CHAMPIONSHIP HUSBANDSNATCHING I LOVE YOU IBADAN IBB Ibrahim Mustafa ICEKID ID CABASA IHEOMA iHype9ja IK Ogbonna ikorodu. Ilesanmi Omabomi illegal drugs IMANSE IMMEGRATION improvement INDIA INDUSTRY NITE INFIDELITY INJURIES INNOSON SUV INSIDE POOL INSPIRATIONAL INSTAGRAM instahype9ja InStyle magazine internet INTERVIEW INTRODUCTION MARRIAGE investments IPOB IRAN IS Isa Yuguda's son Ibrahim ISHYNE ISIS Islam ISOLATE IT’S Italia Italian Italian Saint Italy Iwanenko Iyanya IYAYAN IZON BROTHERHOOD Jada Pinkett Smith Jafaru Isa jaguda Jalolo JAMB JANET JACKSON JAPAN ECONOMY Jason Statham JAYKINGS JAZZWHEZZY Jegede Jennifer Lopez Jesse Jagz JESSEJAGS JET CRASHED JIDE SANYAOLU Jimmy Snuka JLAZBEATS JLYRICAL JOEBOY JOHN LEGEND JOJO JOKE JUDE OKOYE JULIUS AGWU JUMIA Jussie Smollett JUSTIN BIBER JUSTIN BIEBER Kaduna KADUNA GOVERMENT KAI OFFICIAL BEATEN UP KALA KALA Kano State Governor KANYE WEST KATE Kaylan Mahomes KBM GANG KCEE KEMI OLUNLOYO Kenya KESHA KHLOE KARDASHIAN kidnap kids KILL killed KIM K KIM KARDASHIAN King Minjin KING OF QUEENS KINGMAKER kiss Daniel KLEFBEAT Knife-wielding man KOKER KOKOMASTER KONET KOREDE BELLO KPOMO Kuje prison KUTI LADY GAGA LAGOS Lagos Polo LAGOS STATE Lagos state governor LAGOS STATE MINISTER OF HEALTH LAGOS STATE NEWS lagos state pantioniers lagos traffic LAID TO REST Lake Erie LARA STONE LASA FEVER LASSA FEVER EPIDEMIC LASU LATE MARRIAGE Latulip Laura Geggel lawsuit LAWYER leader LEGACY LEGALIZEDMARIJUANA LENOVO LEONARDO DICAPRIO LGTB Liberation City Church LIFE likes LILKESH LINDA lindaikeji LIONEL MESSI Live Science LONGER LOSES SEMI FINAL GAME LOUIZA WILLIAM LOVE LUPITA NYONGO MADAME TUSSAUDS MADE IN ABA ALBUM MADE IN NIGERIA made kuti. MADEOFBLACK MAJEK FASHEK mammy water MAN MAN CHASE IS ALBINO MAN FOUND IS WIFE AND FATHER IN BED manhood on display MANNY PACQUIAO MARIAH CAREY Mark Simpson MARK ZUCKERBERG MARRIAGE marriage and Dating Martin Luther King Jr Marvellous Benji marvin boss MARZ MASTURBATION MATHEW KNOWLES mating MATTA MAURICE KIRYA MAVIN RECORDS MAYBACH MUSIC MECCA medical MEEK MILL melodic Mercy Johnson Okojie MERCY JOHSON MERITS Metuh MHQ Mi Abaga Michael Jackson MIKEL OBI MILEY CYRUS militants MILLISHIELD MINISTER OF HEALTH ministers for happiness ministry of labour MISS COLUMBIA MISS KEDIKE MISS NIGERIA 1957 MISS TOURISM NIGERIA MISS TOURISM PAGEANT MISS UNIVERSE PAGEANT MISSING PERSON MIXTAPE MODEL MODEL Vanity Fair models MODIBBO MOHAMMUD DIES AT 94 MODUPE MODUPEOLA OMOLOLA MONALISA MONEY MONSTER MONTHLY GREETINGS Morachi MOSES IWANG Most Beautiful Girl in Lagos in 2016 Mother & Daughter Movie MOVIE AUDITION MOVIE SHOOT MOVIES MP3 MR UNIVERSE 2015 MR UNIVERSE NIGERIA2015 Mr. Godwin Emefiele MTN MTN FOUNDATION murder Music MUSIC LEGENDS musician N.Y naij.com Naijaloaded NAIRA NAIRA TO DOLLAR Nairaland NAKED Naked men Naomi Campbell Narendra Modi Nation wide Nationwide NBA NCC NDLA NE-YO Netflix NEW BORN NEW BORN DAUGHTER NEW CONDO new Manager... NEW YORK NEWS NEWS ;HEALTH NEWS;LOCAL NEWS:Oil NFA NGIGE Nicki minaj nicki's Game. Niger Delta Nigeria Nigeria Movie NIGERIA NEWS NIGERIA OLDEST SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT Nigerian NIGERIAN AIRFORCE NIGERIAN ARMY Nigerian billionaire NIGERIAN BREWERIES Nigerian government NIGERIAN NEWS NIGERIAN PASTOR NIGERIAN POLICE Nigerian students NIGERIAN VICTIMS NIGERIAN'S IN DIASPORA NIGERIANS NIGERIANS NEWS NIGERIANS SOLDIER NIIT NINO NLC Nnamdi Kanu NNPC NNPC OIL SALE NO SHOW NOLLYWOOD NOLLYWOOD PRODUCER NOMZKY NONNY D North Korea notjustok NOVEMBER BACH NPA International Polo Tournament NSCDC NTYCE LAGOS NYSC NZE OAKLAND OAO OBA SAMUEL ODULANA ODUGADE 1 OBA SIJUADE OBO OBO DANCE MIXTAPE. oil OIL AND GAS OIL BARON oil pipeline OIL SECTOR oil vandalization OJB OJO IBUKUN ojuelegba OKEKE OKOYE OKUPE OLA DIPS OLAJUMOKE OLAMIDE OLD PICS Olisa Metuh OLISA.TV OLISEH OLOSHO OLUBADAN Olubadan’s palace Olubadan’s successor OMG Omotola Jalade-Ekeinde OMOTOLA JOLADE OMOWUNMI DADA on tour opener ONDO ONE LAGOS FIESTA ONI OF IFE ONLINE ADVERTISEMENT ONOBELLO ONYEKA ONWENU ooni of Ife OOU CYPHER OPEN LETTER opposition OPRAH OREZI Oritsefemi Oro Paw Paw OSCAR OSCAR PISTORIOUS Oscars Oshodi rail tracks OSIBANJO OSINACHI OSINACHI VIDEO OSUN STATE ovo fest after party OYINBOPRINCESS Oyoyo Padre Pio PAGEANT Paris police station parliaments PASTOR TB JOSHUA Pasuma Wonder PATORANKING PAUL GAMBIT PAUL PLAY Paulo Jorge Silva PDP Penguin PETER BELLO peter okoye PHEELZ phiz barz Phoenix PHOTOOFTHEDAY PHYNO PICK UP PIPELINE VANDALISM pirates pizza PLANE CRASH police POLITICAL NEWS POLITICIAN POLITICS Pope Francis POPE JOHN PAUL PORN INDUSTRY Port Harcourt poultry Praiz President Buhari PRESIDENT MUHAMMED BUHARI president muhammed buhari. PRESIDENT OBAMA Prime Minister of the United Arab Emirates. PRINCE OF DUBAI Pro-Biafran PROF ISAAC ADEWOLE PROJECT Psquare PUBLIC UNRINATION PURE PRAISE python QHUE CONCEPT QUEEN AMINA RAILWAY RANA RAHIMPOUR rap RAPE rapper real age REALITY REEKADO BANKS refineries REFUGEE REHAB RELATIONSHIP Relationships RELIGION REMINICE remix retirement RICK ROSS BABY MAMA Rihanna RISING STAR RITUALS ROBOTS. RODRIGUIZE ROMANCE Rosie Huntington Whitely ROYAL 007 GLOBAL ENTERTAINMENT ROYALTY Royhills Fashion House Ruffcoin RUN S safty Salma Phillips SAMBISA FOREST SAME SEX same-sex couples SAMPU SAMSUNG SANCTION Sanctions SANTIAGO ROBERT Sarah Jane Burt SAUDI ARABIA SCIENCE Scottish oil SEAN TIZZLE sebe SECRET LETTERS Seeds SELEBOBO Self-driving cars SENATE PRESIDENT SENATOR HOPE UZODINMA SEO SEPTEMBER 20TH Serena williams services SEUN Seun Akindele SEUN KUTI SEX SEX EDUCATION sex life SEX TOY SEX WORKER sex-offender sexiest celebrities SEXUAL ASSAULT Sexy SEYI AJAYI SHAKIRA Shan Anand SHEER DRESS Sheikh Sultan Bin Zayed SHOKWAVE SHOULD show SILVER singer sings SKALES SKEENIE SKIBII SKIBOBO SKIIBI SKIIBII SLYDE SMW snake eater SNICKYNANE SNS SO HAPPY SOCIAL MEDIA SOCIAL MEDIA BILL socialmedia SODEHIDE HOSTEL SOKOTO RESIDENCE SOKOTO STATE SOLDIER SOLO-DOLO SOMALIAN PRESIDENT song songs SONOGRAM SONY SORRY Sossi SOUNDCITY TV SOUNDTRACKS SOUTH AFRICA SPIRITUAL SPLASH Spokesperson SPORT SPORT NEWS sports SPORTS NEWS SPOTIFY SPOTLIGHT SPOTLIGHT ON OGWAFANTASTIK STANBIC IBTC STANDING OVATION STAR STAR MUSIC STAR TREK STAR TREK MARKURDI STARBOY STATED STEEEZY STELLA DIMOKO Stephanie Seymour STEVE HARVEY STEVE WOZNIAK Stigmata STOCK StoneBwoy STRIKE strippers students STUDIO STYLIST subjugate SUJIMOTO SUKASOUND Sunny SUPER EAGLES SWAG SWAP Swizz beat Sydney SYNDRUM SYRIAN Taiwan earthquake Taiwo Sobamowo TANZANI TANZANIAN GIRL TARFA Taye Currency TAYLOR SWIFT. TEAMING TECHNOLOGY tee billz TERROSIST TEXAS THATVETERAN THE ELITE EDITION. THE GAME THE KING IS HERE MP3 The Revenant The Salma Show the women threats TIM COOK timaya TIME CROSS TIMI DAKOLO Tinie Tempah Tiwa savage TMT TODAY mp3 Togo Tom Houck TOMCRUISE TOMPOLO Tonto dikeh Top 3 Youngest Billionaires in Nigeria TOP POSTS TOURISM tournament TOWNSVILLE ERROR 404 Traders TRAFFIC trafficked children TRANSGENDER TREXX tribute Triple MG TRUE LOVE TRUMP TUNGBA Tungba master TURN AROUND TV SERIES Tweetdeck TWITTER TY Bello TYBELLO TYCE TYGA TYRA BANKS UAE UBI FRANKLIN UCHE JUMBO Uganda UGANDA ARTIST Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni Ukraine UNCATEGORIZED UNICEF UNILAG UNIVERSITY OF LAGOS UNIVERSITY. UPCOMING TOUR US US GOVERNMENT US PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION USA PRESIDENCY USA TODAY USAIN BOLT use urine to prepare food UTME RESULTS V12MUSIC VACATION VALENTINES DAY VALTZINO VALTZINO PICTURES Vanessa Hudgens VICTORIA VICTORIA ISLAND Video VIGINA VIOLAH VISA Vitamin C VOBZ VOBZ WRECKORD VOBZ WRECKORD. VOLVO VPN WALLMART WALTER CARRINGTON STREET. WAR Washington water WEBOW WEDDING WEDDING DAY weight lose WELCOMES SECOND SON WGRZ-TV WHAT A FEELING WHAT YOU THINK WHITE HOUSE WHO Whoopi Goldberg wikipedia. WILLMIC WIZ KHALIFAH WIZKID WOJU WOMAN EMPOWERMENT WOMAN FIND BLACK SPIDER WOMEN WON'LE MI WORLD WORLD BEST PHOTOS WORLD NEWS WORLD OLDEST CLOTH WORLD RICHEST WWF legend X-BUSTA x-buster XENOPHOBIA XTREEM HYPE XTREEM HYPE. XTREEM MIX XTREEM-HYPE XtreemHype YAHOO Yasutaro Koide YAW YBNL YEMI ALADE Yinka Ayefele YMCMB YOLA yung klassickl YUNGSNIKKY ZICA VIRUS ZIKA ZIKA TATA MOTOR ZINNIA ZOMBIE DANCE ZONIC WEST MEDIA zoology
false
ltr
item
iHype9ja's Diary: Dredging wreaks havoc in Lagos coastal communities
Dredging wreaks havoc in Lagos coastal communities
http://punchng.s3-eu-west-1.amazonaws.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/11233147/Sand-miners-at-work-in-the-Iyana-Oworo-area-of-Lagos.jpg
iHype9ja's Diary
http://www.ihype9ja.com/2017/09/dredging-wreaks-havoc-in-lagos-coastal.html
http://www.ihype9ja.com/
http://www.ihype9ja.com/
http://www.ihype9ja.com/2017/09/dredging-wreaks-havoc-in-lagos-coastal.html
true
308267283248965294
UTF-8
Not found any posts VIEW ALL Readmore Reply Cancel reply Delete By Home PAGES POSTS View All RECOMMENDED FOR YOU LABEL ARCHIVE SEARCH ALL POSTS Not found any post match with your request Back Home Sunday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat January February March April May June July August September October November December Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec just now 1 minute ago $$1$$ minutes ago 1 hour ago $$1$$ hours ago Yesterday $$1$$ days ago $$1$$ weeks ago more than 5 weeks ago Followers Follow THIS CONTENT IS PREMIUM Please share to unlock Copy All Code Select All Code All codes were copied to your clipboard Can not copy the codes / texts, please press [CTRL]+[C] (or CMD+C with Mac) to copy